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Practice Quiz

Evolutionary Biology

Mr. Darwin and the Meaning of Life
Evidence: Fossils, Anatomy, Embryology

    True and False Questions

  1. Although there are a few fairly complete lines of fossil evidence; such as for the ancestors of the horse, the fossil record is generally fragmentary and incomplete.

    a) True
    b) False

  2. The relatedness of all vertebrates is supported by the presence of gill arches in the embryonic development of each species, even those which lack gills when mature.

    a) True
    b) False

  3. Many plant and animal breeders before Darwin’s time knew that "like begets like," and they were able to practice artificial selection.

    a) True
    b) False


    Multiple Choice Questions - Choose the best available answer.

  4. Darwin’s evolutionary ideas were formed in part when he observed similarities:

    a) among Galapagos animals and those of the mainland
    b) between living and extinct species
    c) among species living in proximity
    d) all of the above
    e) none of the above

  5. For the most part, people in the 19th century believed in:

    a) species fixity
    b) evolution of species
    c) descent with modification
    d) historicity
    e) species mutability

  6. Which of the following does not accurately describe the scientific method?

    a) It is a strict set of rules for experiments.
    b) It is a process of establishing new facts.
    c) It begins and ends with observations about the real world.
    d) It may involve a great deal of speculation.
    e) It is a process that attempts to understand scientific mechanisms.

  7. To be of scientific value, a hypothesis must:

    a) be tested in the field
    b) be tested in the laboratory
    c) lead to predictions
    d) be formulated so that it cannot be modified
    e) none of the above

  8. Darwin’s evolutionary hypothesis:

    a) was widely accepted in the 19th century
    b) can never be proved because it was formulated in the past
    c) is totally rejected by today’s scientists
    d) states that artificial selection is an evolutionary mechanism
    e) none of the above

  9. Which of the following statements about the qualities of life is the least accurate?

    a) Living things respond to their environment.
    b) Anything that grows is alive.
    c) Living things reproduce.
    d) Homeostasis is a "steady state" maintained by living things.
    e) Living things adapt to their environment.

  10. Evidence of evolution may come from:

    a) fossils
    b) comparative anatomy
    c) comparative biochemistry
    d) artificial selection
    e) all of the above

  11. The wing of an insect and a bird represent:

    a) synchronously developed structures
    b) homologous structures
    c) divergent structures
    d) analogous structures
    e) none of the above

  12. In Charles Lyell’s view of physical history of the earth:

    a) present-day landforms were the result of creation.
    b) earth-changing forces in prehistoric times were different from contemporary times.
    c) forces that had changed the earth in the past were still acting in the present.
    d) cataclysms like floods and earthquakes gave form to the earth only in prehistoric times.

  13. Where did Darwin think the ancestors of species he observed on the Galapagos Island had come from?

    a) Europe
    b) The African mainland
    c) The Cape Verde Islands
    d) The South American

  14. The process of reaching a conclusion on the basis of a number of observations, moving from the specific to the general, is best termed:

    a) inductive reasoning
    b) deductive reasoning
    c) the scientific method
    d) a controlled experiment

  15. In Darwin’s concept of natural selection, what was the selective agent?

    a) A supernatural factor
    b) Random chance
    c) The environment
    d) The organisms themselves

  16. Homologous structures in different species:

    a) have common embryonic origin
    b) appear similar but form differently in the embryo
    c) are presumed to have different evolutionary origins
    d) are considered to be analogous

  17. Which name is appropriately written using the rules of the binomial system of nomenclature?

    a) Tadarida brasiliensis
    b) homo habilis
    c) Homo Sapiens
    d) archeopteryx
    e) Richmondina cardinalis

  18. What is the correct order of classification from the most general to the most specific categories?

    a) species --> genus --> family --> order --> class
    b) Kingdom --> phylum --> class --> order --> family
    c) phylum --> class --> family --> order --> genus
    d) phylum --> order--> class --> family --> genus
    e) Kingdom --> order --> genus --> species --> family


You have: answers correct out of a possible eighteen.

The question numbers that were not correct are:

Instructor: Professor Clyde Herreid,