Practice Quiz

Evolutionary Biology




Quiz
Fungi


    True and False Questions

  1. Fungi are eukaryotic.

    a) True
    b) False

  2. The largest organism in the world is a fungus.

    a) True
    b) False

  3. Truffles are underground fruiting bodies of some Ascomycota.

    a) True
    b) False

  4. The reason we put the fungus that causes athlete's foot into the Division Deuteromycota is because there is no sexual stage in the life cycle.

    a) True
    b) False

  5. All fungi are heterotrophs.

    a) True
    b) False

  6. Fungi are more closely related to plants than to animals.

    a) True
    b) False

  7. A monophytetic hypothesis of the origin of the fungi could not state that the Ascomycota and Basidiomycota arose separately from the protozoa.

    a) True
    b) False

  8. Yeasts are fungi.

    a) True
    b) False

    
    			

    Multiple Choice Questions - Choose the best available answer.

  9. In bracket fungi, where do we find basidia formed?

    a) Ascocarp
    b) on the inside of tubular chambers
    c) on surface gills
    d) in hyphae within the wood
    e) in sporangia within the soil

  10. Most of the cells in a mushroom cap are:

    a) dikaryotic
    b) basidia
    c) undergoing meiosis
    d) diploid
    e) none of the above

  11. What is the next stage in the life cycle after plys (+) and minus (-) hypae in the soil?

    a) mitosis
    b) meiosis
    c) fertilization
    d) dikaryotic hypha formed
    e) ascus development

  12. What is the mutualistic relationship between plant roots and certain soil fungi called?

    a) lichens
    b) mycorrhizae
    c) rhizomes
    d) endosymbiosis
    e) none of the above

  13. How do most fungi obtain their food?

    a) autotrophism
    b) chemosynthesis
    c) parasitism
    d) absorption
    e) predation

  14. Slime molds are logically placed in the Kingdom Fungi because they:

    a) have a multicellular stage, are heterotrophic, and form sporangia
    b) are eukayotic and non-photosynthetic
    c) form hyphae
    d) have both asexual and sexual phases in their life cycle
    e) have chitinous cell walls

  15. What is the taxon that includes all of the true fungi?

    a) Eumycota
    b) Gymnomycota
    c) Basidiomycota
    d) Ascomycota
    e) none of the above

  16. Slime molds probably evolved from

    a) ciliates
    b) fungi
    c) red algae
    d) cynobacteria
    e) protozoa

  17. What is the dense thread-like network of cells formed by fungi in the soil called?

    a) hypha
    b) mycelium
    c) basidia
    d) ascus
    e) none of the above

  18. Gill mushrooms are most closely related to:

    a) bracket fungi
    b) slime molds
    c) truffles and morels
    d) bread mold
    e) ring "worm"


		

You have: answers correct out of a possible eighteen.

The question numbers that were not correct are:


Instructor: Professor Clyde Herreid, herreid@buffalo.edu