Practice Quiz

Evolutionary Biology




Quiz
Origins of Life and Viruses


    True and False Questions

  1. Monomers which have now been synthesized in the laboratory include sugars, all of the amino acids, and many essential vitamins.

    a) True
    b) False

  2. Little ultraviolet light reached the surface of the early earth before photosynthesis appeared.

    a) True
    b) False

  3. The surfaces of clay particles are likely places for spontaneous polymerization to occur.

    a) True
    b) False

  4. A virus is a good model of a self-reproducing system, and it can easily replicate itself, all by itself.

    a) True
    b) False

  5. Cyanobacteria are known from about 3.5 billion years ago.

    a) True
    b) False

    
    

    Multiple Choice Questions - Choose the best available answer.

  6. The genetic materialof viruses can be

    a) protein
    b) DNA, but not RNA
    c) RNA, but not DNA
    d) DNA or RNA

  7. The infectious agent that leads to AIDS belongs to which group?

    a) reovirus
    b) retrovirus
    c) myxovirus
    d) arbovirus

  8. The first serious proposals concerning the spontaneous origin of life came more than fifty years ago from the Scottish scientist and Russian scientist

    a) Haldane and Fox
    b) Haldane and Oparin
    c) Miller and Urey
    d) Urey and Fox

  9. The simulated primitive atmosphere of the Urey-Miller experiment included all the following except

    a) methane
    b) ammonia
    c) water vapor
    d) free oxygen

  10. Oparin's model included the formation of crude membrane-surrounded droplets called

    a) cells
    b) autotrophs
    c) coacervates
    d) thin soup

  11. Some estimates suggest that the earth took form approximately how many years ago?

    a) 4.6 billion
    b) 46 million
    c) 4.6 million
    d) 460,000

  12. Which of the following was probably not present in the primitive atmosphere of the earth?

    a) ozone
    b) ultraviolet light
    c) lightning
    d) carbon dioxide

  13. Some scientists believe that self-perpetuating, genetic systems arose first and that these were probably in the form of

    a) protein
    b) amino acids
    c) DNA or RNA
    d) enzymes

  14. Primitive autotrophs of today obtain their energy from

    a) sunlight
    b) hydrogen sulfide
    c) other organisms
    d) DNA or RNA

  15. Photosynthesis by the early cyanbacteria led to a substanial increase in the amount of which of the following, in the earth's atmosphere?

    a) hydrogen sulfide
    b) hydrogen
    c) carbon dioxide
    d) oxygen

  16. An increased level of oxygen in the atmosphere would be toxic to

    a) anaerobic organisms
    b) hydrogen
    c) most photoautotrophs
    d) eukaryotes


		

You have: answers correct out of a possible eighteen.

The question numbers that were not correct are:


Instructor: Professor Clyde Herreid, herreid@buffalo.edu